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The definitive guide to buying gemstones

Gemstone jewellery makes the perfect gift for various occasions including Christmas, birthdays, anniversaries, and milestones. However, not all gemstones are created equal. In fact, there are several to pick from, so if you're new to gems, our team at Lemuria has put together a definitive guide to buying gemstones. Whether you need a birth or anniversary stone, this guide will help you decide which one best suits your needs.

Before making a final selection, there are a few things you must consider, including the value of a gem which is dependent on its size, cut, clarity and colour. Each each gemstone possessesits own unique colour, birthplace, and story. So, itís also important to know the individual preferences of the person youíre buying for. This will help ensure that your gift is personal and thoughtful. Letís take a look at our favorites below:

Precious Gems

Gemstones fall into either precious or semi-precious stones. Below are the three precious gemstones we use at Lemuria.


Although sapphire can be found in a broad spectrum of colours (except red), it is typically blue. Its rareness, mesmerizing deep blue colour, and hardness is what makes sapphire so valuable. Sapphires are a symbol of opulence and royalty - and perhaps most associated with Princess Dianaís engagement ring. They evoke the energy of loyalty, honesty, and faithfulness making them stunning and unconventional stones for engagement rings.


Ruby has been long considered the stone of love, energy, and passion. Itís symbolic of powerful feelings - and was historically believed to be a protective talisman that inspires sensuality and devotion. As a result, rubies have been at the forefront of luxury seekers for years. The colorand meaning combined make rubies an ideal loverís gift, especially on occasions like Valentineís Day or anniversaries.


The vibrant green colour of emeralds make this stone extremely versatile. It looks as beautiful with warm metals as it does with cool ones. Itís a stone of fidelity and is believed to bring victory. In love, emeralds have been used to express oneís love and devotion, and is sometimes used on engagement rings. Emerald pendants and earrings are equally stunning.

Semi-Precious Gems

Any gemstone that falls outside the three listed above, including diamonds, are considered semi-precious. This categorisation does not make these stones any less valuable or less precious. It means they are generally more abundant. The list below contains the some of our favorites.


As the most recognized stone in the quartz family, amethysts are known for their alluring purple colour. Theyíre widely available and are favoured by many, including royal families across the globe. You can find large amounts of amethyst in royal collections all over - even in the British crown jewels.


Also from the quartz family is citrine, a stone distinguished by its warm amber colour. It is often referred to as a gift from the sun. The golden hue is warm and comforting, making it a popular choice on jewellery during the colder months. Itís also enchanting on darker skin tones.

Rose Quartz

As you might be able to tell now, quartz is one of the most common minerals on earth,producing many types of gemstones. However, each are beautiful in their own way, includingthe crystal and rose quartz. This stone is usually soft and milky, ranging from light to medium intensities of pink. Itís often cut as cabochons or hearts, and can be used as beads on bracelets or necklaces.


Garnets have been prized for thousands of years now from Egyptian pharaohs to Romannobility. Itís said to symbolize faith, friendship, and loyalty. Garnets are available in various colours, but the most common one is dark red. It can be found faceted on all types of jewellery, including necklaces, rings, bracelets, and earrings.


Pearls represent innocence and honesty, and have held a strong reputation for being classic. As a result, its grown in popularity in bridal jewellery collections and make wonderful gifts for both mothers and loved ones.


At Lemuria, we love working with lesser known gemstones such as labradorite. The stone can be identified by its ďlabradorescenceĒ, an optical phenomenon that imparts iridescent flashes of colours. This stunning effect makes the labradorite a beautiful choice for pendant necklaces.


A less commercially used stone, but a Lemuria favorite, is the moonstone. You might notice that it has been steadily trending over the last few years. Itís typically colourless but contains reflective layers that make it shimmer - like the moonlight reflected in water. If youíre not in need of nuptial jewellery, the moonstone makes a magnificent, mystical gift.


Peridot is one of the few gemstones that exists in only one colour, an iconic lime green. Anyone who loves and appreciates earthy, citrus tones, needs this stone in their collection. The stones are often cut small, but they can be found in larger sizes, and make beautiful jewels for earrings and dainty rings.

Although there is a broad spectrum of gemstones, we hope this beginnerís guide provides you the foundation you need to make the right choice. Donít forget to check out our collections for stunning gemstone jewellery that make meaningful gifts for your loved ones. We canít wait for them to experience the beauty for themselves.

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